Archive for the ‘Schools’ Category

PAUL SCHWEIKHER AND THE SCHAUMBURG SCHOOL HE DESIGNED

July 22, 2018

Until the start of the spring semester of 1954, the public school children of Schaumburg Township had been attending one-room schools. The two remaining schools of the five one-room buildings that had once been sprinkled throughout the township, were the District 54 School at Schaumburg and Roselle Road and the District 51 School on Higgins Road near Huntington Boulevard. They are shown below.

In 1952, however, these school districts consolidated into one district which became School District 54. On December 20 of that year a special election gave the Board of Education approval to purchase and construct a school site for the district. The school board then chose a site on the north side of Schaumburg Road, just west of Plum Grove Road.

By March 26, 1953 when an article ran in the Roselle Register regarding the Cook County Circuit Court’s validation of the formation of the school district, the school board had already commissioned local resident and architect, Paul Schweikher, to design their school. “The plans for the new school building are well along so that with the favorable court decision the prospects for a modern school for Schaumburg are now almost a certainty.”

A later article of April 30, 1953 stated that “Mr. Schweikher is still drawing up plans for the new building, to cost $150,000.” He must have been a busy man, scurrying to get these plans finalized, as this was near the time that he was departing the area and his architecture practice to take the role of Chair of the Yale University Architecture Department. Interestingly enough, his son Paul attended the one room school at Schaumburg and Roselle until their departure.

The following photo, compliments of William Engler, is of the groundbreaking of the school which must have taken place in the spring or summer of 1953. Mr. Engler’s father was one of the trustees. From left to right are:  John Bierman, Frank Wiley, Al Straub (behind William Greve), William Greve, Herbert Buesching in the dark framed glasses, Emil Lichthardt, Paul Engler, and Henry Hartman.

The 1953-54 school year began with the students of District 54 divided between the Sunderlage School (formerly District 51), Schaumburg Center School (formerly District 54) and the Elk Grove School. By this time, Robert Flum had been hired as the school district’s superintendent and was fulfilling that position as well as teaching at the Sunderlage School.

At the end of the fall semester students were instructed to take their belongings home with them in preparation for the opening of the new school. It was expected to open at the beginning of the spring semester but a delay occurred because of a local plumber’s strike and the fact that floor tile had not yet been received. [Daily Herald, January 7, 1954]

A couple of weeks later, on January 18, 1954, Schaumburg School opened. Around 80 students were now consolidated in a modern four classroom building with proper equipment and supplies–and indoor plumbing! Some of the teachers were Mr. Flum, Miss Anne Fox and Mrs. Paulus. Grades were doubled up in the school with the majority of the students enrolled in grades 1-4.

In viewing the building, it is obvious that Mr. Schweikher used Roselle School as a model for Schaumburg School. It is built in the same linear, one-story style with the four classrooms in a row and a slightly offset chimney in the front as can be seen in the photo.

Differences were the windows, the stone makeup of the chimney and east and west walls, and the fact that the play/assembly area in Roselle School was two stories.

Where Roselle School (pictured above) had floor to ceiling windows with staggered framing, Schaumburg School had large windows that appear to be unframed.

The chimneys were also decidedly different. Roselle School’s chimney was rectangular and brick. Schaumburg School’s chimney is comprised of field stones which, in my impression, were liberated from piles of stones that Mr. Schweikher must have seen in various farm fields of Schaumburg Township. He added these same stones on the east and west sides of the building. It was a nice, local tribute to the farms he was surrounded by. The chimney still exists today as do the walls that are now contained within the building.

The play/assembly area in Schaumburg School was single storied and, judging by the Hedrich Blessing photos of the school, appeared to be adjacent to the front desk. The reception area consisted of one long desk and an open office area behind. The assembly area was opposite the desk. Open ceilings and open shelving could be found throughout the rooms of the building.

This incredibly modernistic building in the middle of a field was the swan song of Paul Schweikher’s time in the area. It was quite a difference maker for a school district that was used to one room schools with rudimentary tools and equipment and, even though the school was quickly added onto, we are fortunate that elements of his design still exist.

The next time you’re driving past District 54’s headquarters on Schaumburg Road, take note of that stone chimney and stone wall. Not only are they part of Schaumburg Township’s rural history, they are also part of our modern history. This unique school, in fact, ushered in an educational era for a township that was only just beginning its phenomenal growth.

Jane Rozek
Local History Librarian
Schaumburg Township District Library
jrozek@stdl.org

The last photo is compliments of the Paul Schweikher Collection at Arizona State University.

 

PAUL SCHWEIKHER AND THE ROSELLE SCHOOL HE DESIGNED

July 15, 2018

Before he left Schaumburg Township in 1953, architect Paul Schweikher did a couple of lasting favors for two local school districts.  Roselle School District 12 and Schaumburg Township School District 54 were both in dire need of new schools for their districts.  Roselle’s population had increased after World War II and Roselle Public School at Park and Pine was way over capacity with 176 students. Schaumburg Township had recently consolidated their districts into one district for the entire township. With only a couple of one-room schools in Schaumburg Township to accomodate the students who were part of the public school system, a new, modern school was desperately needed.  Enter Paul Schweikher.

On December 1, 1951, the citizens of Roselle passed a referendum approving the construction of a new school. The school board must have expected a “yes” vote because, according to a November 30, 1951 article from the DuPage County Register, the architectural firm of Schweikher & Elting had already been commissioned and provided plans for the new building. The school would “consist of four classrooms and a play assembly room” and the building would be of “fireproof, brick construction with plenty of light, and designed to harmonize pleasingly with the residential character of the community. According to the school board, this building will also provide a needed place for civic and community affairs, a civic center, for all the people of the community.” (A health and staff room were also part of the plans.)

The already composed plans were also mentioned in a letter to the editor in the December 14, 1951 paper. Mrs. Douglas Fowler who was president of the PTA states, “Our organization would like to thank you for your cooperation in our recent campaign for a new school.  As your paper will probably announce on another page, the issues were settled by a landslide.”  She also states, “Schweikher and Elting designed a beautiful school, and received their share of our thanks.”

Later, in a public notice in the April 11, 1952 paper, the Roselle school district put out a bid for proposals for construction of the school.  Instructions for the proposals could be examined at the office of “the Architects, Schweikher and Elting, Meacham Road, Roselle, Illinois…” They would make copies available for a fee and checks would be paid to the order of the architectural firm. Eventually, in a June 20, 1952 article, it was announced that the E.W. Sproul Co. of Chicago had been “selected as the general contractor at a maximum price of $155,820.” Excavation work had, in fact, already begun and the building was expected to take six months though it did not open until February or March of 1953.

Built into the side of a gentle slope at the corner of Maple, Howard and Pine, the school’s site had been previously purchased from the village of Roselle. The building was described in the June 20th article as “the design is of modern architecture and the structure will be brick with large window areas on the north and south sides. These, with other innovations, will provide the maximum in natural lighting benefits.  A wide circular drive connected to Maple Avenue will provide access to the canopied entrance of the building.”

Unfortunately, we do not have a professional photo of the finished product. The building was L-shaped with the classrooms and offices running parallel to Maple Street and the large play/assembly room running perpendicular. You can see this design best in the Roselle Register photo which shows the back of the school. The play/assembly room is bricked and to the right in the photo.

Windows covered the entire south wall to the left, with each classroom having its own exterior door. You can also see these features in the following photo from the Roselle History Museum. Notice the skylight in the ceiling. Tom Troyke, Facilities Manager for Trinity Lutheran Church, the current owner of the building, said that the skylights had a louvre over them that probably allowed the teachers to direct sunlight into the room as they saw fit. 

The best photo of the front of the building is seen below and comes from Mr. Troyke. The cars in the foreground are on Maple Avenue and the front of the school and the circular drive is to the right. Notice the massive, rectangular chimney and the offset windows on the front. Chimneys are an important component of many of Schweikher’s designs–including his own house.

And, we can’t see it, but the east wall of the gym was made entirely of glass!

Five years later, in 1958, the school was added onto once again because the student population was continuing to expand in greater numbers. By this time it had been renamed Parkside School as seen in the photo at the top from Joan Beauprez, the historian of the Roselle History Museum. The addition was built adjacent to the play/assembly room which was probably bricked up at the time when the stage was most likely added. Eventually, over the years, the chimney was taken down, the skylights and original large boilers were taken out and the interior was redesigned. But, if you take a look at the Google aerial of the building–which is now the Trinity Child Care Center–you can see that the original L lines of the building are still intact. You can also see it here in the back of the building.

Schweikher was likely involved in the entire building process for the original design given that his office was so close and that potential contractors went there to get specifications for the proposal. His cutting edge design was certainly unique for this small town, even though this was the advent of the era of single level schools. Still, a school building that was largely windows on three sides? That is not something you see every day.

Interestingly though, the designs came in handy just a couple of years later when Schaumburg Township District 54 approached him about their new school. Read about that project and Schweikher’s last contribution to the Schaumburg area in next week’s blog. It’s an interesting comparison!

Jane Rozek
Local History Librarian
Schaumburg Township District Library
jrozek@stdl.org

My thanks to Tom Troyke and Joan Beauprez for their sustained interest and support in researching this school.  Without them I would not have had a tour of the building or photos that helped solve some of the mysteries.  Their passion for their hometown was remarkable.

 

SAYING GOODBYE TO TWINBROOK SCHOOL

May 27, 2018


Our guest contributor this week is Pat Barch, the Hoffman Estates Historian.  This column originally appeared in the May 2018 issue of the Hoffman Estates Citizen, the village’s newsletter.  The column appears here, courtesy of the Village of Hoffman Estates.

In early March I learned that School District 54 had decided to tear down Twinbrook School.  Twinbrook School was the first school built by F & S Construction when they began developing our village.  The school was located on Ash Rd in Parcel A where the first homes began going up in 1955.  Parcel A is situated south of Golf Rd and north of Higgins Rd, directly behind Hoffman Plaza.

The name Twinbrook came from the fact that the village was located between Poplar Creek to the north and Salt Creek to the south.  Early on in our village history many residents wanted to change the name from Hoffman Estates to Twinbrook but the majority won, much influenced by Jack Hoffman who didn’t favor a name change since so much had been invested in the name of Hoffman Estates.

Our first school opened in 1956 and was ready for the children of the new home owners of Parcel A.

Over the years the school was well utilized.  After the school closed to regular classes, it was used for many other children.  Preschoolers and special needs students were enrolled in classes and an addition to the school that would have some open concept classrooms made it easier.  It was lastly put into use as a storage facility.

Time took its toll and any plans to renovate were considered too costly. Sadly, it was decided that the building would come down.

With grateful permission from District 54, I was able to go inside Twinbrook for one last visit.  I had my camera ready to take pictures of whatever I thought would be memorable for the history of our village.

As I started down the first hall, I noticed the cheerful ivy mural that had been painted on the wall of the water fountains.  Had it made the students smile?  Around the corner the hall was cluttered with items that would be cleaned out before the take down.   As I walked down the hall I saw something that tugged at my heart.  It was a small red ball. I wondered how many children had played with that ball.  I took a picture.  Going into the gym I saw an American flag on a small stick that had been tossed up into the netting by, I’m guessing, some mischievous student.  I took a picture.  My last stop was in the school office where the intercom stood silent with wires pulled from the wall. I took a picture.

I knew that the children had been long gone from the building but it seemed as if you could still feel them laughing and running in the halls.

I went back on March 19th to take pictures as the school was being torn down.  It was sad to say goodbye.

Pat Barch
Hoffman Estates Village Historian
eagle2064@comcast.net

SCHAUMBURG CENTER SCHOOL OPEN HOUSE

May 21, 2018

The Schaumburg Township Historical Society will sponsor its annual open house of the Schaumburg Center School on Memorial Day weekend.  The open houses will be held May 26, 27 and 28 from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Constructed in 1872–and first called Sarah’s Grove School, it is believed to have been the first of five public schools in Schaumburg Township. It was later renamed Schween’s Grove School and called Schaumburg Centre Public School until 1954. For 82 years, the building served as a one-room schoolhouse, and was the last active one room schoolhouse in District 54.

With the widening of Schaumburg Road, the building was saved from demolition and temporarily placed on the grounds of the Town Square Shopping Center in 1979. It was permanently relocated to the St. Peter Lutheran Church property in September, 1981. It has been fully restored as a museum and is under the auspices of the Schaumburg Township Historical Society.

SCHAUMBURG TOWNSHIP PUBLIC SCHOOLS: DISTRICT 55

March 11, 2018

The fifth public [one room] school in Schaumburg Township was located at the northeast corner of the intersection of Rodenburg Road with Wiese (Wise) Road [as seen on the topographical map above.]  The approximate one acre of land was taken from the southeast corner of the Hartmann farm, which was previously a Kruse farm.  This school was also referred to as the Straub School, but the reason is unknown.  The school closed its doors in [1940.]  It fell into disrepair with vandalism and an unkempt school yard.

An article, Only Two Public Schools Remain in Schaumburg, from the May 17, 1940 issue of the Cook County Herald states “…According to G.C. Butler, assistant county superintendent of schools, in charge of division one, school district 55, known as the Hartmann School, will not open next year.  There is one family in the district which will have children of school age, who would attend the school.  Other children of school age attend an adjoining Christian day school.  District 52 has been closed several years.  The two remaining schools in the township are district 51 with ten pupils and district 54 located in Schaumburg center…”

[The photo above shows the teacher and her students outside of the school around 1922 or 1923.   In the back row the two boys are Erwin Stump and Henry Busche; the second row middle boy is William Busche and the boy on the right is Emil or Art Hartmann.  The bottom left girl is Florence Catherine “Kate” Bell who lived on Stratford Farms at Wiese (Wise) and Roselle Roads.]

Richard Gerschefske purchased the school building after 1954.  He dismantled the structure and recycled the useable wood to build an addition on the District 51 School that he purchased and moved to Schaumburg Center.  This extension to the Meyer/Sunderlage School became the kitchen and dining room for the house.  The combined salvaged schools became a comfortable private residence that is still located in Schaumburg Center…

The text for most of this blog posting is an excerpt from Schaumburg of My Ancestors by LaVonne Thies Presley, published in 2012.  The book is an in-depth look at Schaumburg Township around the turn of the nineteenth century.  

Her particular focus was the farm off of Meacham Road where her father grew up.  However, LaVonne also took the opportunity in the text to create a detailed examination of the formation of the public one-room schools of Schaumburg Township.  In the upcoming months a posting will be shared on each of those five schools.  But, first, an introduction to the formation of Schaumburg Township public schools

Jane Rozek
Local History Librarian
Schaumburg Township District Library
jrozek@stdl.org

 

GETTING LUNCH AT THE FROST JUNIOR HIGH “AUTOMAT”

December 31, 2017

Talking local history with the locals is always a learning experience.  I discovered that once again when I was recently speaking to Schaumburg Village trustee Jack Sullivan.  In the course of our discussion, he talked about attending Frost Junior High School in the 1960s and how the students could buy their lunches from a series of vending machines.  With what I’m sure was a puzzled expression on my face, I said, “Do you mean like an automat?”  Turns out, that’s exactly what he was talking about.

Having never heard that story before, I did some research and found a great article in the Hoffman Herald on August 6, 1964.  Interestingly, Robert Frost Junior High was actually the testing ground in the Chicago area for this style of lunch.

When it opened for the school year in 1964, Robert Frost Junior High on Wise Road was the first school built specifically as a junior high for the fast-growing, burgeoning District 54.  One of the challenges for the new school was serving several hundred students during relatively short lunch periods.

Of course, many students inevitably brown bagged their lunches, but the school district was looking for other options as well, and that’s when Barrington Vending Machine Co. stepped in to offer them an interesting solution.

The company agreed to install machines that would include “coffee (!), hot chocolate, tea and soup, a cold drink machine, an ice cream unit, a candy and pastry unit, a hot canned foods unit, a cold sandwich and salad unit, a hot sandwich unit and serving units with spoons, napkins and condiments.”  Milk would be provided by a dairy that supplied the other schools.  Frankly, for young students in 1964, this had to have seemed pretty cool.

The article noted–and remember, this was August before school started–that they were still considering the rationale of making coffee and candy available for the students.  This would have been especially pertinent given the fact that the purpose was to make a balanced meal available to the students for less than .50 a day.

Frost Junior High was expecting 800 students in the new school and they were planning to incorporate four lunch periods into the day.  The food would be fresh every day according to the contract with Barrington Vending, and a part time staffer would make sure that all of the machines were kept stocked during those lunch periods and make change for the students.

During the writeup of this blog posting, it was not possible to determine how long this vending machine food service ran but in a January 27, 1966 article it was mentioned that milk, candy and soft drinks were being dispensed through vending machines.  Further, it says, “…vending machines were placed in Schaumburg and Robert Frost Junior High Schools as a service since students remain in both schools during the lunch period.”

According to Ray Hallett however, who was a long time teacher at Frost Junior High, the school was doing split shifts of 6 a.m.-noon and noon-6 p.m. in the 1969-70 school year so there would have been no reason for a lunch period.  He and another commenter, Diana Dobrovolny, also thought they did split shifts a year or two prior so it seems that the vending machine lunches lasted only a couple of years.  This was confirmed by commenter, Marty Oliff, who said that the Frost/Keller split shift happened in the 1966/67 school year so lunch would not have been necessary for that school year either.

Thus, it appears that the Automat-style vending machine experiment lasted from the time Frost opened for the 1964/65 school year until the end of the 1965/66 term.  Because of the massive influx of students, lunch was essentially unnecessary in the junior highs until the split shift years were over.

In yet another Hoffman Herald article from September 16, 1969, it appears a company called Mass Feeding Corp. had taken over the contract and was supplying “the pre-packaged, pre-frozen hot lunch program” at District 54 and other school districts.  So, some type of vending machine service was still being used in some of the schools.  One has to suppose this was the junior highs but maybe other readers might be able to confirm this for sure.

If you’re one of those who attended Frost Junior High and took advantage of the vending machines that supplied your lunch, we would love to hear the types of food they had, how much you paid for various items and how long the program lasted.  District 54 was not only on the cutting edge in education but in lunch services too!

Jane Rozek
Local History Librarian
Schaumburg Township District Library
jrozek@stdl.org

SCHAUMBURG TOWNSHIP PUBLIC SCHOOLS: DISTRICT 54

December 17, 2017

The District 54 School was [built sometime between 1870 and 1872] and located in Schaumburg Center on the north side of Schaumburg Road just west of Roselle Road.  [The address was 8 W. Schaumburg Road.]  Today a small shopping center named Schoolhouse Square is located on the original site.  The school was build on land that had belonged to Ernest Schween.

[Over the years, the school was called Sarah’s Grove School, Schween’s Grove School and, lastly, Schaumburg Center School.]

For the reason that many of the teachers in the one-room schools were young women with little experience, the challenges of teaching farm boys in the upper grades was daunting.  If parents deemed the learning environment in a township school was not in the best interest of their child or children, they could appeal to the Schaumburg Township Board.  The board had the authority to allow the children to attend a different township school.  If the board did not approve the transfer, the parents were responsible for tuition to a school outside of Schaumburg Township.

 

…Miss Anne Fox was a long time teacher at the District 54 School.  In 1953 she was teaching the primary grades at the school while Robert Flum was teaching the intermediate students at the District 51 School on Higgins Road.  Miss Fox continued to teach in Community Consolidated 54 Schools for many years.  In recognition of her dedication to District 54, a school in Hanover Park was named Anne Fox School.

[The school stayed in operation–probably because of its centralized location–for many years.]  After the township consolidated the public schools in 1954, the school building was used by private businesses for several years.  The interior of the building was remodeled and adapted for use as a retail store.   Five of the businesses that used the building were the R.I.C. Delicatessen (until 1971), a wrought iron store (1971-73,) Kole Real Estate, followed by FBK Realty that was owned by Jack Keller and, lastly, Koenig and Strey who were the final owners before the building was moved in 1979.]

 

[This is the school’s temporary location on the Town Square property across Schaumburg Road.  It can be seen in the middle foreground of this 1970 photo above.] It was later moved in September 1981 and restored at its current site on the St. Peter Lutheran Church property on East Schaumburg Road.  [The rededication ceremony was held as part of the Memorial Day service in 1985.]

 

Although the school was painted red for a few years, in 2010 it was restored to the original color of white.  In 2013 the school building is owned by the Village of Schaumburg, but is is leased to the Schaumburg Township Historical Society.

The text for most of this blog posting is an excerpt from Schaumburg of My Ancestors by LaVonne Thies Presley, published in 2012.  The book is an in-depth look at Schaumburg Township around the turn of the nineteenth century.  

Her particular focus was the farm off of Meacham Road where her father grew up.  However, LaVonne also took the opportunity in the text to create a detailed examination of the formation of the public one-room schools of Schaumburg Township.  In the upcoming months a posting will be shared on each of those five schools.  But, first, an introduction to the formation of Schaumburg Township public schools

Jane Rozek
Local History Librarian
Schaumburg Township District Library
jrozek@stdl.org

ATTENDING SCHOOL IN THE DISTRICT 54 ONE ROOM SCHOOLHOUSE

October 1, 2017

Do you recognize this school?  If you’re familiar with historic buildings in Schaumburg Township or you grew up here before 1980, you probably know about this one room school house that was near the northwest corner of the Schaumburg and Roselle Roads.  It sat essentially where El Meson is today and it is why that small shopping center is called Schoolhouse Square.

The school was built in 1872 on property that belonged to Ernest Schween.  As one of five public schools in Schaumburg Township, it went under a number of different names over the years: Sarah’s Grove School, Schween’s Grove School, Schaumburg Center School and District 54 School.

When Florence Catherine Bell attended the school in the 1920s and 30s she lived on Stratford Farms on Roselle Road, close to today’s intersection with Wise Road. (Her first year was spent at the District 55 School or the Hartmann School on Wiese (Wise) Road with her friend Mildred.)

At the time the District 54 school was a vibrant, busy place as we can tell by the number of students in this photo.  The first row from the right is:  Unidentified, unidentified Botterman girl, unidentified, possibly Johnnie Bell.  The second row from the right is:  Bethella Haffner (Florence Catherine’s cousin), unidentified, Florence Catherine, unidentified Botterman girl, unidentified.  Florence Catherine’s younger sister, Edwina, is standing at the back with the bow tie on her blouse.  The tall girl behind her is one of  the daughters of Gottlob Theiss, pastor of St. Peter Lutheran Church.  To her left is Esta Haffner (Florence Catherine’s cousin), unidentified male Haffner cousin, unidentified Botterman girl, unidentified male Haffner cousin.  The boy in the second seat of the far left row was a boy with handicaps.

I recently had the opportunity to pose the following questions to Florence Catherine through her granddaughter.  It was a great opportunity to hear what it was like to attend this school during its busy days.

  • Do you remember the names of any of your teachers?
    1st grade:  Miss Mary Hammond
    2nd grade:  Miss Robinson
    3rd-5th grade:  Miss Dewey, Miss Marie Fox*
    6th-8th grade:  Miss Hamill
  •  What subjects were taught?
    “Reading, writing, arithmetic and spelling.”  Spelling was her favorite.
  • What were the hours of your school day?
    “9:00 to 3:00, five days a week”
  • When did school start for the year and when did it end?
    “It started the Monday after Labor Day and ended a few days after Memorial Day.”
  • How did you get to school?
    “We walked to school even in the winter.  Once we got to school on the cold days, we huddled around the coal burning furnace.”
  • What did you eat for lunch?
    “We took our lunch.  We didn’t have a soft drink dispenser or anything like lunch meat.  A typical lunch was peanut butter and jelly with bread home baked by Mom.  Sometimes lunch was leftovers from supper.”
  • Did they bring their own drinks?
    “No, they had a well at the school with a pump.  It was located right outside the door of the school house.”
  • Were the kids well behaved?
    “Yes, there were no problems.”
  • Were she and her siblings ever picked on?
    “No, we didn’t have any of that.  If so, it was minor and didn’t amount to anything.”
  • Did the teachers have good control of the classroom?
    “Right.  They didn’t have any problems.”
  • Who cleaned the school and the outhouses?
    The teacher assigned students to sweep the floors.
  • Did you have a best friend at school?
    “Her best buddy was Sadie Botterman who was in the same grade.”
  • Did you get a good education at the school?
    “I can read, write and do arithmetic now and I don’t have a computer.  My dad wouldn’t let us have an eraser on our pencils.  He would say, ‘Don’t make mistakes.”  Her granddaughter asked if he was joking with them and, with a little laughter in her voice she said, “Both.”
  • Where did you attend school after 8th grade?
    She went to Austin High School in Chicago.
  • She also mentioned that there was a County Life Director (employed by the Cook County Superintendent) who would travel around checking on the schools and visit with the teachers to see how things were going.  Florence Catherine remembered Homer J. Byrd and Noble J. Puffer coming to visit their school.
  • Other items mentioned were that they said the pledge of allegiance every morning and that if someone had a good report or did good work, the teacher would post special posters on the wall.
  • Toward the end of the school year, the 8th grade students who attended and went through confirmation at the St. Peter Lutheran Schools transferred to the one-room schools to finish their year.  This allowed them to graduate from a Cook County public school.
  • In another conversation, Florence Catherine also stated that, the Schaumburg Center School and other one-room schoolhouses in the area would hold an end of the school year “festival” at Beverly Lake near West Dundee.  This is now part of the Cook County Forest Preserve and is about 10 miles from the center of Schaumburg Township.   They got there by horse and wagon so it would have taken some time!
  • Graduations from the school were held at Lengl’s Schaumburg Inn (the Easy Street).  Mr. Lengl was kind enough to lend his dining room space for commencement exercises.
  • The local school board members at the time who oversaw the maintenance and running of the school were Mr. Botterman, Mr. Sporleder and Herman Hartmann.  These gentlemen all lived near the intersection of Schaumburg and Roselle Roads.

 

  • This is a photo of the west side of the school.  Edwina, the sister of Florence Catherine is the second little girl to the left.

The Schaumburg Center School was one of the last two one-room schools that operated in Schaumburg Township.  In 1981 the school was moved east down Schaumburg Road to the St. Peter Lutheran Church property where you can find it today.

Not only are we fortunate the school still exists but we are doubly so because of all of the nice details Florence Catherine Bell was able to contribute to the conversation of our local history.  Thank you Kate!

Jane Rozek
Local History Librarian
Schaumburg Township District Library
jrozek@stdl.org

* Marie Fox was a sister to Anne Fox who also taught in this school, and for whom the District 54 school in Hanover Park is named.

ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF EDUCATION, 1870 TO 1970

September 11, 2017

Join the Hoffman Estates Museum for another upcoming “living history” presentation.  Learn about the one-room schoolhouses in the township as well as the early schools of Hoffman Estates.  (The Lindbergh School on Shoe Factory Road is pictured above.)

When:  Saturday, September 23, from 1:00 – 3:00

Where:  Hoffman Estates Village Hall

Who:  For more information, contact Pat Barch, Hoffman Estates Historian at 847-755-9630 or eagle2064@comcast. net

It is also the Village’s 58th birthday, so come out and enjoy a piece of birthday cake!

THE CASE OF THE SCHOOLHOUSE WINDOWS

August 6, 2017

The case began when I examined this wonderful photo that was taken by James Austin Bell whose local photos formulate the Stratford Farms collection donated by the Bell family.  This one room schoolhouse sat on the north side of Schaumburg Road, just west of Roselle.  It went by various names over the years.  Sarah’s Grove School.  Schween’s Grove School.  Schaumburg Centre Public School.  And, amazingly enough, the school still exists on the St. Peter Lutheran Church property.

The photo was taken around 1930 and shows us multiple aspects of the building that we weren’t aware of.  The playground on the west side of the building features a maypole swing.  Children would hold onto the boards, run in a circle and then lift up their feet to capture the feeling of flying through the air.  The multiple trees scattered around the schoolyard are a sure indication that shade was definitely appreciated in a school that wasn’t air-conditioned.  They also sheltered the separate boys and girl outhouses in the background.

The thing that really caught my eye, though, was the windows of the school.  You see, there is an earlier picture of the school from 1916–and it’s different.  Take a look for yourself.

Both photos give us the western perspective of the school.  In the 1916 photo, there are three windows.  In the 1930 photo there are five.  What happened?   Why would the school make such a dramatic change and what would propel them to do so?  And, did the same thing happen on the east side of the building?

Not having a clue, I touched base with LaVonne Presley who included histories of all of Schaumburg Township’s one-room schoolhouses in her book Schaumburg Of My Ancestors. We considered the possibility that maybe it wasn’t the same school in both photos–that maybe it was torn down and a new school was erected on the same spot.  But, that just didn’t seem likely.  Still puzzled, I decided to investigate later photos we have of the school that might indicate any possible clues.

This photo shows the school shortly after it was moved to the St. Peter property.  The east side of the building has two windows with awnings and a white door.  It appears, then, that the three original windows in the 1916 photo were likely kept but, at some point, a door took the place of one of the three.  It is my supposition that the door was added after the school closed when the building was used for business purposes.  (Also, you’ll notice an addition was added to the front and features two windows and a door.  This was done before the school closed as we have a photo from the 1940’s in our collection showing this arrangement.)

Fortunately, LaVonne didn’t let the window issue go either. She speaks regularly to a cousin who was involved in the rehabilitation of North Grove School in Sycamore.  According to her, they discovered during the renovation that Illinois dictated regulations on everything in schools from desks to heating to sanitation–including in one room schools.

Upon doing a bit of online research I discovered the 1917 Biennial Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction for Illinois.  And, lo and behold, it addresses how Cook County Schools stipulated how the number of windows came to be changed from 3 to 5 on one side of the school.  It states:

“In buildings in use before July 1, 1915, all windows in the wall which the seated pupils face shall be permanently walled up so that no light may enter from that direction.  (This would have been the north wall in our school where, to the best of our knowledge, there never were any windows.)

If there are full length windows on the right of the seated children, the lower sash shall be shaded so as to completely shut out the light from that part.  (This would have been the east wall in our school.)

If this makes the light insufficient, additional windows shall be provided to the left.”

And, there it is.  At some point, in the 14-year time span between 1916 and 1930 (the dates of our photos), Cook County complied with the regulations.  They provided an allocation in their annual budget for the modification of the building from three windows to five on the west side.

Puzzled about why these changes would be necessary, I put the question out to an Illinois museum listserv I am on.  Roger Matile, Director of the Little White School Museum in Oswego, Illinois shared this information with me:  “Schools were required to have a certain amount of window area, based on the schoolroom’s square footage, on one side of the building. That was so that the teacher, standing in the front of the room, would not be back-lighted and so that the desks could be arranged to have light shine over the students’ left shoulders so shadows didn’t interfere with handwriting. Of course, that assumed all students were right-handed. The one-room school I attended only had windows on one side, and our desks were positioned so that light from them shown over our left shoulders.” This truly did solve the case of the schoolhouse windows!

Interestingly enough, after the building was moved to its current location, another renovation was done.  As you can tell in this Daily Herald photo, five windows were added to the other side of the school to create a more symmetric building.  To view this nice touch of harmony, take a tour of the school on Labor Day weekend.  It will be open Saturday, Sunday and Monday (September 2-4, 2017) from 9-4.  The Schaumburg Township Historical Society would love to have you there.

Jane Rozek
Local History Librarian
Schaumburg Township District Library
jrozek@stdl.org

My thanks to LaVonne Presley and her cousin, Bernice, for sending me in the right direction to get this mystery solved.  It would have been tough without them!

My thanks to Roger Matile for giving me the real reason for the windows going from three to five.  It’s wonderful to have his professional and personal knowledge of one room schools in Illinois.